human rights issues in poland
2. This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 19:41. freedom of expression), specific groups (e.g. The issue in this situation is not about fair working conditions, wages or the right to join a union. In 2016, violent hate crimes rose by 40 percent and most of these attacks targeted Muslims. The newspaper Gazeta Polska was forced by the Regional Court in Warsaw to end its campaign of distributing “LGBT-free zone” stickers after one of the organizers of Lublin’s LGBTI pride march won his complaint on grounds that the stickers were an affront to human dignity. The EU also has the power to sanction Poland if it goes too far – something it threatened to do last month in the face of efforts to stack the Constitutional Tribunal with even more party allies. Article 21 - Protection of ownership and the right of succession. Article 80 - The right to apply to the Commissioner for Citizens' Rights for assistance in protection of freedoms or rights infringed by organs of public authority. Respect for freedoms and rights of others. Article 52 - Freedom of movement and choice of place of residence. The World Bank predicts a gradual return to growth for Poland, estimating growth recovering to 2.2% in 2021 and 2.9% in 2022. Article 53 - Freedom of conscience and religion. Article 68 - Right to protection of health. Article 40 - Freedom from torture or cruel, inhumane, or degrading treatment or punishment. See all countries > Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Andorra; Angola; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Armenia; Australia; ... Poland; Portugal; Qatar; Republic of Korea; Republic of Moldova; Romania; Russian Federation; Rwanda; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; ... We are very concerned that the … Women have equal rights in Poland, but domestic violence and sex trafficking are still significant issues. Homosexuality was confirmed legal in 1932, and Poland also recognises gender change and requires no sterilisation of its transgender citizens. Article 72 - Right to protection of the right of the child. In recent years, many words have been devoted to the rise of populism and illiberalism in Poland. From 1993 to 2019, the European Court of Human Rights has ruled that Poland violated human rights in 989 cases. Poland won 124 votes.  In January 2014, a reform was introduced to both simplify the procedure as well as make it a criminal offence pursued by the state, rather than a private act of accusal. Poland is a party to several international agreements relevant to human rights, including the European Convention on Human Rights, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Helsinki Accords, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Kingfisher to respond to the concerns raised. Freedom of the press is a constitutional human right in Poland, but recent laws enacted by Poland’s governing party have limited that freedom. – The Huffington Post, https://borgenproject.org/wp-content/uploads/The_Borgen_Project_Logo_small.jpg, Common Mental Illnesses in Developing Countries. The law allows for the government to wiretap and monitor the communications of people the government fears might be involved in terrorism-related activities. The 44 th annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices provide carefully researched, factual, and objective information on actions foreign governments are taking – or not taking – to demonstrate observance of and respect for internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms. Article 56 - Right to asylum in the Republic of Poland. ", In recent history, human rights have vastly improved only after the fall of communism in 1989 and the replacement of the old repressive norms of the pro-Soviet communist regime with the modern, democratic government guaranteeing first class civil and political rights, confirmed by the Freedom House.. Death Penalty is abolished for all crimes as noted by Amnesty International. Solidarności 77, 00-090 Warsaw, Poland Website: www.rpo.gov.pl General email address: email@example.com Helpline: +48 800 676 676 and telephone number: +48 22 55 17 700 Contact person for media enquiries: Anna Kabulska (firstname.lastname@example.org) Overview , Rape is illegal and punishable by up to 12 years in prison (including spousal rape). Introduction. The situation of Chechen refugees in Poland. children), or in support of human rights organisations (e.g. In 2016, Poland passed a counter-terrorism law that gives the government far-reaching surveillance powers. This report from the Society for Threatened Peoples is intended to raise awareness and discuss the issue of asylum … The U.N. Committee expressed serious concerns about the high number of women in Poland seeking unsafe abortions, which could put their health and lives at risk, because … It is a nation that enjoys free and fair elections and civil liberties protections; however, there is a strong partisan divide in Poland. Article 34 - Right not to loose Polish citizenship by a Polish citizen. Special Rapporteur on adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, and on the right to non-discrimination in this context. Chair. Article 41 - Right to personal inviolability, security and liberty. Nevertheless, there is a number of issues concerning women in modern-day Poland such as the abortion rights (formally allowed only in special circumstances) and the "glass ceiling". During the COVID-19 pandemic, human rights violations including censorship, discrimination, arbitrary detention and xenophobia were reported from different parts of the world. Gender equality cuts across all social issues. The following eight or nine decades of material prosperity and relative security witnessed the appearance of "a virtual galaxy of sparkling intellectual figures. However, Poland is not on the list of countries with state-sponsored homophobia, and homosexuality in Poland was never criminalised under Polish jurisdiction.  It also stated that "the authorities often give preferential treatment to pro-government and nationalist demonstrations over other types of assemblies". There are also laws against offending religious feelings and insulting monuments. ... also with respect to human rights.  Modern Poland is a country with a high level of freedom of expression, guaranteed by the article 25 (section I. In July, amid widespread anti-LGBTI rhetoric from politicians and the media, the firs… , In the field of employment, due to perceptions of women's roles, unemployment for women is high. The government has the power to continue these activities for three months without oversight, as well as use illegally obtained evidence in court and detain suspects for up to two weeks. Read “Human Rights In Various Regions” to learn more. Women had difficulty accessing abortion services within the health system even when... Justice system. The Republic) of the Constitution of Poland which reads: Public authorities in the Republic of Poland shall be impartial in matters of personal conviction, whether religious or philosophical, or in relation to outlooks on life, and shall ensure their freedom of expression within public life. , Poland country signed the UN LGBTQ+ rights declaration, but same-sex unions are not recognized in Poland. Article 25 - Equal rights of churches and religious organisations. 1. Professional experience in the field of criminal justice or human rights issues is an asset; Knowledge of criminal or human rights law; knowledge of hate crimes, police or prosecution systems is an advantage; Experience of implementing technical assistance projects, with a focus on legal or human rights aspects, ability to draft accurate and concise reports, both narrative and financial; ... OSCE salaries are exempt … Projects or programmes directly targeted at the realisation of specific rights (e.g. “The Borgen Project is an incredible nonprofit organization that is addressing poverty and hunger and working towards ending them.” "Domestic violence rife in Poland, research finds - National". Starting in 2017, journalists must be pre-approved in order to interview legislators in the halls of Parliament. Up to 64 local councils across Poland adopted resolutions declaring their opposition to “LGBT ideology” in “defence of families [or] the rights of Catholics”. Human rights and intersex people (2015) ... Poland should stop the stigmatisation of LGBTI people. “We are steadfast in our resolve to stand shoulder-to-shoulder with groups and individuals targeted by the state and to help resist the rollback of human rights protection in Poland. Increasing the involvement of foreign institutions in issues related to human rights and business, including local laws and enterprise operations in Poland, with a view to exercising human rights, with particular regard to the situation of armed conflicts”. The Polish Constitution specifies a variety of human and citizen's rights. Article 47 - Right to legal protection of private and family life. Speech is free in Poland, but there are some limitations. Legal protection of freedom of the person. Gwalciciel scigany z urzedu. At the same time, 16 percent said that there are situations when violence is justified in the home. While U.S. President Donald Trump sees an ideological friend in Poland’s government on issues like migration, his ambassador has issued a strong rebuke on this issue. Among constitutional freedoms and rights are: Article 14 - Freedom of the press and other means of social communication.  Anna Grodzka became an MP in the 2011 Polish parliamentary elections, and was then the only known transgender MP in the world. While Poland scored well in certain areas including the marker for economic equality and improved public services, its scores dropped sharply on human rights, group grievance, and state legitimacy. Human rights issues A report by the Society for Threatened Peoples. Human rights in Poland are enumerated in the second chapter of its Constitution, ratified in 1997. ISSUES.  According to the Global Peace Index, Poland is the 23rd most peaceful country in the world. Both of these situations should bring hope to the people of Poland, as it makes the improvement of their human rights a very possible outcome of the future. Article 61 - Right to obtain information on the activities of public authorities. Human Rights Watch called on the European Union and its member states to hold Poland to account for failing to implement EU policy on equality, women’s rights and violence against women. Corporal punishment is entirely prohibited since 2010. , In 2020, the Committee for the Prevention of Torture raised "serious concern" over excessive force used by Polish police during arrests. Display date 03/12/20 Commissioner urges Hungary’s Parliament to postpone the vote on draft bills that, if adopted, will have far-reaching adverse effects on human rights in the country. , In 2017, Amnesty International raised concerns about freedom of assembly in Poland, stating that "authorities use techniques such as surveillance, harassment and prosecution to disperse and prevent mass protests". 3. Article 60 - Right of access to the public service based on the principle of equality. Poland was the 15th (12th sovereign) country to introduce universal women's suffrage. Article 38 - Right to legal protection of the life of every human being. Article 65 - Freedom to choose and to pursue occupation. Freedom of the press is a constitutional human right in Poland, but recent laws enacted by Poland’s … The survey revealed that 27 percent of respondents were reluctant to act against apparent abusers for fear that the violence might be transferred onto themselves, while 17 percent felt that raising the matter would exacerbate the problem for the initial victim. , Freedom House Research Institute has classified Poland as a country of first class political and civil rights. This stigmatising discourse and indirect threats directed against an independent civil society representative by public officials are extremely concerning, especially when seen in the context of a narrowing space for civil society in Poland, including attempts by the authorities to delegitimise the work of NGOs active on issues related to the rule of law and human rights and obstructing their work. Some 26 percent of Poles claim that they have been victims of physical violence. 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